The questionnaires are confidential and anonymous for the respondent, therefore the validity of this type of research may improve, however Ian Marsh notes that validity is undermined by under reporting and over-reporting as people may under-report because self report studies are retrospective and depend on respondents memory of crime 12 month ago and people may also either exaggerate or keep quiet due to the fear of police.
A self-report is a type of questionnaire, which attempts to uncover the true amount of crime in society. As separate pieces of the research, all of the methods have their own advantages, however there are mainly disadvantages that make all of them either invalid or unreliable and nor representative.
Get Access Official Statistics of Crime Essay Sample There are three main sources of information about the crimes for sociologists — the official crime statistics, which are collected by the police and are presented as secondary data for sociologists; victim survey such as Essays on official statistics Crime Survey, which is also collected by the police and sponsored by the government, and in order to collect primary data sociologists use self-report studies and its aim is to uncover the true amount Essays on official statistics crime in the society.
However, the interviewee may exaggerate or underrate the situation because of either fear or benefits that are given in a serious situation as people became for materialistic, meaning that the validity may be as well reduced.
OCS are a source of secondary data, therefore it can be trusted as it has been verified before by other researches and are accepted by some sociologists uncritically, for example functionalist sociologists explain why the youth and working class are more criminal just due to the fact that the OCS say so.
More essays like this: Even though it may not represent the whole picture, it is the best that the sociologists may get, so as a result its value and importance goes up because there are no alternatives.
Get Full Essay Get access to this section to get all help you need with your essay and educational issues. This means that the number of crimes in statistics will be decreased, however it will not represent the reality.
Another source of information is the victim survey — the British Crime survey. The information there is collected through structured interviews, therefore in comparison with unstructured interviews, which are used by the feminists and Left Realists, they are less time-consuming and more organised, the volume of depth will be balanced and can be easily categorized, whereas in unstructured interviews the volume of depth is unlimited, therefore the researcher will have to use his own opinion in order to categorize the answers making this method less accurate.
Also the representativeness is questioned because all crimes cannot be included in a questionnaire as the researcher has to be selective, so as a result some people may have committed a crime, but they can neither report it because of fear of being fined or put in jail nor because it is not included in the questionnaire.
It may also be unreliable, as they cannot be replicated by anyone else and expensive as it requires training, otherwise the interviewee may feel uncomfortable, and therefore he will not be as open as he could.
As a result, Marxists argue that the OCS are being manipulated by the government that represents the ruling class in order to maintain their position and prevent the proletariat from gaining some power.
However if all these methods were combined into one — a mixed method research, all the qualities of the researches could have gone up, therefore it could have been even more useful to sociologists.Official statistics are quantitative data produced by local and national government bodies, and can cover a wide range of behaviour including births, deaths, marriages and divorce, income, crime, and work and leisure.
Official statistics can be produce 4/5(4). - Learning About Crime From Official Statistics In order to enlighten the general public and policy makers about the extent of crime, the crime dilemma itself must first be measured.
Therefore it can be seen, that the research carried. Official statistics are quantitative data produced by local and national government bodies, and can cover a wide range of behaviour including births, deaths, marriages and divorce, income, crime, and work and leisure.
Official statistics can be produced as a by-product of the normal workings of a government department, but they can also result from. Below is an essay on "Official Statistics" from Anti Essays, your source for research papers, essays, and term paper examples.
Read this essay on Advantages of Using Official Statistics in Sociological Research (W.I.P). Come browse our large digital warehouse of free sample essays.
Get the knowledge you need in order to pass your classes and more. Only at mi-centre.com". - Many people such as sociologists and criminologists use official crime statistics in their research. There are many reasons why using official statistics can be useful as they are readily available and provide detailed data which can often include large numbers of participants giving information.Download